Installation is a breeze. It would be possible to begin with any of the 3 options and get a good overview of object-oriented programming or any of the other support paradigms. The syntax is easy so you can focus on understanding the basic programming concepts and learn about other CS topics to give you the bigger picture. I'm not sure Java is older than Python. Not superior, just different. In particular, Java is fast -- because Python is a high-level and dynamic language, it's harder for the Python interpreter to figure out how to optimize Python (in contrast, Java is statically typed/restricts the number of weird stuff you can do in a dynamic language). It certainly is a lot more verbose (as you have observed), but probably runs faster than Python. Python: It has its routes set way before Java, Python was thought up in the late 1980s by Guido Van Rossum in the Netherlands as an heir to ABC language. So why do people use Java? Differences Between Python and JavaScript Python is an interpreted high-level programming language with dynamic semantics and object-oriented programming designed to be easy to read and implement. Judging a program by lines of code (fewer or greater) is entirely orthogonal to the amount of time and effort it took to develop. Depends on the game. Python. He was later known to be as the creator of the high-level programming language called Python and in the year 1991, it was released. Don’t even think about it to select another language as your first. I guess my point is that if you're just learning don't worry so much about which language you're doing the learning in - once you have a little more experience swapping between languages will become second nature anyways. It is better? More importantly, in my own way, it seems JS is a presentation programming language and python is more of an actual problem solving language. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Good on you. I don't know how to do ooo in Python so I can't use it for design questions. When comparing Python vs Rust, ... Python has an active and helpful community, such as the comp.lang.python Google Groups, StackOverflow, reddit, etc. Java's ~25x faster than python in the benchmark games, studies haven't found a benefit to Java's type system when compared to a dynamic Java-like language, bug rates in statically typed functional languages are lower on average than in dynamically typed functional languages, and lower than in languages like Java. Wow, I had no idea, thanks for the insight. I am struggling to see its advantages over Python. I know java better than python. But if you start with Python, then moving to C#/Java will be harder. Don't use shared mutable state. Public fields might as well be global variables - and Python has no good encapsulation or privacy mechanic. But even that's not insurmountable. Stacktraces are the wrong time to find out you made a typo. Comparing Java and Python is like comparing earth-moving machinery and sports car. Even if you work in a big company where Java is widely used, chances are you are going to hear about Python for continuous integration or e2e testing. This thread makes me want to jump ship and learn a diff language. I've been learning how to program in Python lately -- been spending time trying to make a simple text-based game that runs in command prompt. The most common way of learning is to start with easy things and then move on to harder things. Most importantly, to me, is that Java replaced C++ as the language used in the AP exam (an exam that can give you college credit for programming in the US). However, a big advantage of Java over Python is in performance. A subreddit for all questions related to programming in any language. Try to follow the principle of least surprise, even if it means breaking your code up into smaller parts with more specific purposes - Java makes it much harder to do the wrong thing and shoot yourself in the face. Why? Hence, Python is not a better option for applications that give priority to performance and speed or engage many complex calculations. Studies on type systems to not strongly support the notion that Java-esque type systems prevent a significant number of bugs, reduce development or debugging time - some studies show a minor benefit, and others show the opposite. There's much better (but still not great) evidence that ML-esque type systems are beneficial. Keep going with python, you wont regret it. See, they're helpful, and now you can too be. Like Python and Java, C++ is a fast, efficient, object-oriented language with a wide variety of use cases. This comparison on Java vs Python will provide you with a crisp knowledge about both the programming languages and help you find out which one fits your goal better.Java and Python are two of the hottest programming languages in the market right now because of their versatility, efficiency, and automation capabilities. Generally these answers are provided by the most hated people in the IT community, yes, non-IT people hate this type of person. This is the most significant difference and affects how you design, write and troubleshoot applications written with both. Most people still end up going for Java, mostly due to the strength of its ecosystem + because it has a solid track record of scaling well, but if you're really interested in exploring this idea of taking advantage of a strict type system + being able to rely on the compiler to catch your errors, I'd recommend you try exploring either C#, which is like a nicer/more elegant version of Java, or a functional language like F# or Haskell, which takes the idea of typing to its logical extreme. Both will be very suitable for teaching programming. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Speed - Java's ~25x faster than python in the benchmark games. I've taught with both in freshman CS courses (alongside a number of other languages.) ... Python vs. Java — Infographic. Trust me on this one. Java consistently topped lists of the most popular programming languages since the turn of the century. 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